Matti Leppäranta and Kai Myrberg

PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE BALTIC SEA This book is the first to comprehensively describe the physical processes of the Baltic Sea. Although semi-enclosed, this unique sea functions rather like a small ocean, and the book describes its peculiar oceanographic characteristics: brackish water, ice season, shallowness, wide archipelagoes and low salinity basin. It shows how the laws of physical oceanography lead to an understanding of the sea’s physics, and also discusses the role of physical oceanography in the environmental state, ecology and future of the Baltic Sea.

Physical Oceanography of the Baltic Sea looks at the development of the Baltic Sea from the Ice Age to the modern day, and then covers in depth its hydrography, climate, air-sea interaction, water balance and heat content. It also covers ice structure and its properties, circulation, dynamics of currents, water level, and long and surface waves. Finally, the book discusses the serious environmental issues affecting the Baltic Sea, and looks at what the future might hold.

Table of Contents

List of fgures
List of tables
List of abbreviations and acronyms
List of symbols
1 Introduction
2 The Baltic Sea:History and geography
3 Topography and hydrography of the Baltic Sea
4 Water,salt,and heat budgets
5 Circulation
6 Waves
7 The ice of the Baltic Sea
8 Coastal and local processes
9 Environmental questions
10 Future of the Baltic Sea
Useful constants and formulas
Study problems

Extent: 408 pages, 16-page colour section
Binding: Hardback
Publication Date: January 2009
ISBN: 978-3-540-79702-9

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